Martínez Murillo’s response may seem shocking, but in a context in which educational leaders are increasingly concerned about obtaining good results in international exams focused mainly on Mathematics, Language and Science, there are voices, such as that of the expert in Juan Manuel Escudero school organization, who consider that putting “the emphasis only on the instrumentally valuable subjects and content considered useful today” is a mistake.
“It is a way of restricting the formative value of the curriculum, and for this reason it has been criticized that all the weight is given preferably to Mathematics, Language and Sciences. And the other content? And the philosophical content, and the ethical content, and the artistic content, and the Physical Education content…? It does not matter? Those of us who bet, I modestly among them, for a broader vision,
Economics professors claim that the Cela law Pick up your subject as an optional compulsory offer in ESO. “It seems incongruous to us that the EU and the OECD emphasize its importance and does not appear in the standard,” says Inmaculada Cardona, from the State Confederation of Associations of Economics Teachers in Secondary Education.
The law still in force, the Lomce, is very exhaustive in the subjects. The new one has chosen to set the main compulsory and a few electives and leaves the rest for curricular development. Educational leaders such as Miguel Soler, regional secretary of Education of the Valencian Government, were in favor of an even more concise law that would have limited itself to mentioning basic skills. And have specified all the subjects in the subsequent curriculum decrees,
The ‘Celaá law’ establishes the following subjects in Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO), leaving the definition of the rest and the specification of the number of hours to the subsequent development of the curriculum.
Between first and third, all students must study: Mathematics; Biology and Geology and / or Physics and Chemistry; Geography and History; Physical education; Foreign language; Spanish Language and Literature and, in the autonomous communities where there is a co-official language, the corresponding Language and Literature.
In addition, each course will include either Plastic, Visual and Audiovisual Education or Music. And in some of the courses, Civic and Ethical Values. Students will also study “some optional subject” that can “be configured as a monographic work or an interdisciplinary project”. The offer of electives will include, at least, Classical Culture, a second Foreign Language and a subject of digital competence.
In the fourth year of ESO, all students must study: Mathematics (with two options); Geography and History; Physical education; Foreign language; Spanish Language and Literature and, if any, the corresponding Co-official Language and Literature.
Students must also choose three other compulsory subjects from a list that the Government will establish after consulting with the autonomies. These three subjects may be offered grouped into options aimed at subsequent Baccalaureate or FP studies. Students may take, apart from this, one or more electives.